Markov population processes. Birth and death processes. Immigration, birth and death processes. Two-species interaction processes. Discrete-time Markov chains. Continuous time birth and death chains. Diffusion processes and applications of SDE in Biology.
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- Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation. by Russell Lande and Steinar Engen. 2003
- Markov Chains: From Theory to Implementation and Experimentation. by Paul A. Gagniuc. 2017
- Stochastic Communities: A Mathematical Theory of Biodiversity. A. K. Dewdney. 2017